An artifact or artefact is any object or process resulting from human activity. In a broader sense, it may be defined as anything created by any intelligent being, but at the moment our knowledge of intelligent beings consists of one example — humanity.
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1821 (artefact) "anything made by human art," from It. artefatto, from L. arte "by skill" (ablative of ars "art;" see art (n.)) + factum "thing made," from facere "to make, do" (see factitious).
Dictionary.com. Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian.